Blog
Search

2020 California Legislative Roundup

the California Capitol building, where many bad things and a few good things happenThis past year was an odd one for legislation in general. COVID-19 relief took center stage, relegating much alcohol legislation to the backburner. At the same time, the California Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) put forth a number of measures meant to make it easier for alcohol retailers to reach customers during lockdowns. Nonetheless, 2020 marked the end of the two-year legislative session, making it clear which bills would ultimately be signed into law and which would die on the vine.

Here is how Alcohol Justice and the California Alcohol Policy Alliance fared on its bills of significance in this session:

   PASSED FAILED
 AJ Supported  3 11
 AJ Opposed  7 6
CAPA Supported 1 2
CAPA Opposed 1 1

Final legislative batting averages*

AJ: 0.333
CAPA: 0.400

*For arbitrary reference, the 2020 Major League Baseball mean batting average was 0.245, while the batting leader was DJ LeMahieu, with 0.364.


SUPPORT

Outside of legislation, AJ and CAPA have worked to strengthen ABC’s emergency powers to suspend licenses of alcohol outlets that pose immediate threats to public health and safety. This notably includes bars and restaurants that continue to seat diners indoors, without masks, and/or in close proximity despite public health orders meant to slow the spread of COVID-19. However, these powers can also be used by any licensee who deliberately flouts laws surrounding sales to youth, drug sales on the premises, dangerous environments, and similar immediate threats to the community.

Notable bills:

AB 362 would have legalized safe injection sites to help prevent overdose among individuals experiencing opioid use disorder, bridge them to needed services, and reduce the strain of opioid use on communities. A similar bill was vetoed by Jerry Brown in 2018. In 2020, unfortunately, AB 362 died in committee.

AB 1713, aka “Liam’s Law,” would have reduced the blood alcohol content threshold for DUI citation from 0.08 to 0.05 percent. The nationwide adoption of the lower threshold forms the basis of Alcohol Justice’s Point 05 Saves Lives project. The bill died in committee and the fight continues. READ MORE about Liam’s Law.

SB 525 would have required all convicted DUI offenders to get an ignition interlock device installed in their car, and would have provided state funding for offenders who were not able to afford one themselves. Ignition interlock devices require drivers to blow into them before starting the car. The devices measure blood alcohol content in the breath, and prevent the engine from starting if any is detected. The bill died in committee.

AB 1304 offered parole reductions to parolees with a history of opioid abuse disorder (OUD) who enroll in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs. MAT includes methadone and buprenorphine, prescription drugs that block opioid cravings and make it much easier for people experiencing OUD to seek counseling and hold down jobs. Opioid abuse, alcohol abuse, and recidivism create a tangled web, and both AJ and CAPA believed this bill would create significantly improved outcomes for individuals in the criminal justice system. The bill passed and was signed into law.


Other alcohol- and opioid-related bills supported by AJ:

AB 127 – Research on impaired driving. Passed and signed.

AB 397 – DUI cannabis, and DUI cannabis and another drug (alcohol), recast as two separate offenses. Passed and signed.

AB 551 – Details types of drugs coroner must screen for in deceased drivers, reported monthly to CHP. Vetoed.

AB 546 – Imposes restrictions on the sale and transfer of alcohol licenses. Died.

SB 12 – Establish 100 centers to address mental health needs of youth. Died.

SB 42 – Guarantees transport from county jail to rehab program or hospital. Vetoed.

SB 55 – Imposes 10 year gun ownership prohibition on those convicted of multiple alcohol intoxication violations. Died.

SB 283 – Details types of drugs coroner must screen for in deceased drivers, reported monthly to CHP. Died.

AB 3102 – New tied-house restrictions on spirits manufacturers. Died

AB 2608 – New requirements for alcohol license transfers. Died.


OPPOSE

Although not legislation per se, regulatory relief, a series of ABC decisions that weaken alcohol controls throughout the state, has drawn the majority of CAPA and AJ’s efforts in 2020. Of particular concern, these deregulatory measures include enhanced access to alcohol by delivery, expanded footprints for alcohol outlets, and opportunities for Big Alcohol to engage in marketing and market control under the guise of COVID-19 prevention. READ MORE about AJ and CAPA's opposition to regulatory relief measures.

Notable bills:

AB 205 allows alcohol manufacturers to pay beer-level excise taxes when using sugars, honeys, or fruit products to create alcoholic beverages. Beer manufacturers pay by far the lowest excise taxes of any alcohol producer, and this bill opened the door for a host of “beer like” brewers to enjoy the same cut rates. Seeing as alcohol excise taxes do not rise over time, and no legislation to raise them has been introduced since 1991, it is irresponsible in general to create new legislative loopholes to lower them. This bill threatens to incentivize the production of hard seltzers, hard sodas, and other non-beer youth-friendly “beginner” alcoholic beverages, and was opposed by both AJ and CAPA. Unfortunately, it passed and was signed into law.

SB 21 lowered the threshold of beer production a brewpub must engage in to receive a full liquor license. Brewpubs occupy a special tier of license that allows restaurants to have a full bar (not just sell their own products) as long as they are ostensibly serving beer they brew themselves. A recent investigation by ABC revealed rampant fraud by license holders, and the minimum production to be eligible for the license was raised legislatively in the prior session. This bill reversed that heightened requirement, once again creating a situation where these fraud-prone licenses are far too easy to acquire. AJ opposed, but the bill passed and was signed into law.

SB 50, Scott Wiener’s infamous 3 A.M. (neé 4 A.M.) Bar Bill, would allow bars in the most heavily populated areas of the state to keep serving late into the night. The bill, which Wiener has introduced every year since 2017, threatened to greatly increase violence, disruption, injury, and automobile crashes across a wide swath of the state. AJ and CAPA have consistently opposed it alongside a wide range of public health and safety organizations. Once again it was defeated in 2020, this time having died in committee. READ MORE about the 4 A.M. Bar Bill.

Other alcohol- and opioid-related bills opposed by AJ:

AB 436 – “District bill” allows alcohol sales at City of Napa performing arts venue. Passed and signed.

AB 475 – Allows on-sale beer and wine paint and sip license to premises for the primary purpose of art events or art classes. Died.

AB 1133 – Free branded beer glasses for licensees from producers. Passed and signed.

AB 1356 – Forces commercial marijuana facilities in cities or counties against their local authority and best interests of their residents. Died.

SB 264 – Doubles locations for winegrower or brandy maker to sell products and provide tastings. Died.

SB 352 – Alcoholic beverage licensees: on-sale general licenses for bona fide eating places. Died.

SB 717 – Allows distillers to provide free advertising to certain licensees. Passed and signed.

SB 788 – Alcoholic beverages: appeals: decision: tied-house restrictions. Passed and signed.

AB 2459 – District bill to allow ten more on-site licenses in Mariposa & Napa Counties. Passed and signed.

AB 2957 – Would allow winegrowers to sell wine in containers provided by customers. Died.

As you read this, the California legislature is introducing new bill; like every year, some will shift ever more power to Big Alcohol, while others will be desperately needed brakes on the toll harmful drinking takes on the state. Of particular note, we expect the industry to make an aggressive push to make regulatory relief permanent even after the COVID-19 crisis has passed. AJ and CAPA will, as always, work to stop bad legislation, support protective legislation, and mobilize communities to create a healthier, safer, and saner California.


PROJECTS

ALCOPOP-FREE ZONES

Alcopops are heavily flavored, heavily sugared, often high-ABV alcoholic beverages. They are among the most popular first drink for many youth. The Alcopop-Free Zone project used youth representatives to engage the San Rafael Canal community, educate retailers, and get alcopops off of store shelves.


MAT ACCESS
]Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder includes bupernorphine among other medications. It offers the best opportunity for people who use opioids to live long, healthy lives, but only if they have access to it. Geographic, economic, and language barriers further complicate individuals' efforts to obtain this life-saving treatment. The MAT Access Project/Proyecto Latino TAM works to educate the Latinx community of Marin on the dangers of opioids, and promote culturally competent MAT services for those who needs it.


YOUTH ACTION FOR SAFE STORES

Within liquor, grocery, and drug stores, good retail practices can not only make it harder for youth to obtain alcohol, but make youth less interested in drinking. Youth Action for Safe Stores (YASS) develops youth leaders who can evaluate stores' retail practices, engage with business owners, and promote best retail practices throughout San Rafael.

PUBLICATIONS

Alcopops 2020

Others

SRADC BOARD

Don Carney, Director, Marin Youth Court
SRADC President

Nick Moorhatch, Producer, Comcast Cable Access
SRADC Vice President

Adolfo Aguilar, member, Youth For Justice

Marcianna Nosek
, PhD, MPH, MS, Associate Professor, University of San Francisco.
Larry Merideth, PhD, Director, Marin Health and Human Services

Michael Watenpaugh
, EdD, Superindent, San Rafael City Schools

Kevin Lynch, Director of Juvenile Services Division, County of Marin Probation Department

Elia Manzo, leader, Consejo Restaurativo

Wilibaldo Pulido, owner, La Plaza Market.

Douglas Mundo, Executive Director, Canal Welcome Center.

Mary Joe Williams, CAO, Bay Area Community Resources

Sam Alexander, Pastro, First Presbyterian Church of San Rafael

Intern
Eric Bejarano, student, Sonoma State University

FUNDERS